Dealing with the waste in today's world

Waste is an issue that affects us all. All of us produce rubbish: on average, every European generates 0.5 tons of household waste every year. There are other activities that are significant in waste generation such as production, construction or even water and energy supply. All these residues have a major impact on the environment, causing greenhouse gases emissions and emissions that contribute to climate change, human health and environmental safety.

The role of Waste-to-Energy in the circulating economy is considered a priority in the EU objectives. Europe in the field of integrated waste management is positioned globally as Front-Runner.

Waste Management Hierarchy


Good waste management begins with prevention of waste generation - after all, what is not produced should not be discarded. Waste prevention is becoming increasingly important with the growth of the global population. However, this is a very challenging concept for even the most developed countries in the field of environment, since it is difficult to measure something that, by definition, never existed. One of the key tools used to promote waste prevention is eco-design, which focuses on environmental aspects during the design phase of a product. Ecologically friendly products should be made using recyclable raw materials and should avoid the use of hazardous substances. These products should consume less energy during the use phase and should be able to be recycled.

Waste prevention is closely related to the improvement of production methods and consumer influence so they can look for greener and less packaged products. Many EU Member States are developing awareness-raising campaigns to educate the public and encourage consumers to seek goods that produce less waste and promote the creation of a more efficient resource market.

3 R

Reduction, Reuse, Recycling are 3 R's of waste management, which aim to guarantee a sustainable life for people. In waste management strategies 3Rs are guided by prevention. It is still difficult even in the most developed countries today in the world that Prevention achieves the desired objectives.

3Rs help not only to reduce the waste generated by citizens and businesses but also saving financial costs and land surface that has been captured by landfill processes over decades.

The 3Rs are still at a low level at the global level, as raising awareness and educating citizens requires decades to reach the ultimate goal. 3Rs are still today considered a challenge for developed countries and with a high civil culture and conscience, where the environment is currently one of the priority areas of government engagement.