What happens to waste?

With the rapid development of modern times, waste are a growing issue of attention regarding environmental, social and economic aspects

The way waste is generated and handled today has an impact on all citizens, businesses, public authorities and international trade.

Waste generation and management is closely linked to resource use - excessive generation of waste is a symptom of inefficient use of resources. Waste avoidance, generation and recovery of materials as well as energy produced from waste incineration, will help all of us to make the use of natural resources most efficient and reduce pollution. The incineration process is significantly affecting into the improvement of climate change.

The quantities of waste both in world and in Europe are growing at rates comparable to economic growth. As a result, landfill globally is not in the desirable declining levels, despite of the increased % on recycling

As per the environmental perspective, landfill is the worst and most undesirable option of waste management, because not only the generation of hazardous gases such as methane and CO2 or PM10 is at very high levels, but for the country-approved Circulation Economy Package of the EU, today it represents a loss of resources. EU legislation has interfered with reinforced sanctions, regulations and directives to prevent land and groundwater contamination, as well as to Reduce emissions in the air - for example methane, which is a gas causing greenhouse effect. But in some cases, even the member states themselves recognize that the legislation is being implemented badly - statistics show that there are still thousands of mismanaged and unauthorized landfills, a situation that is tangible even in Albania.

Burning is also now regulated by the strict EU standards that have significantly reduced air emissions.

In addition, waste management generates emissions into the air, water and land, as well as noise and other concerns. Waste today are considered as an economic burden. In the EU, hazardous and urban waste management, is estimated to have an annual cost up to 75 billion euros, only for the industry and citizens.

The waste management and recycling sector has a high growth and a turnover of around 100 billion euros per year in the EU. It is an intensive work which provides between 1.2 and 1.5 million jobs. Recycled materials from recycling industry are increasing amounts of such resources in the manufacturing industry: At least 50% of paper and steel, 43% of glass and 40% of ferrous metals produced in the EU are currently made from recycled materials.