Waste Disposal- Landfilling Process

Modern society and contemporary living tends to create a dozens of waste, and until our profoundly deep-rooted systems adjust or change, landfills will be an obligatory part of our lives.

Nowadays, landfill waste disposal in most of emerging or under development countries, given their poor conditions are considered a threat to human lives, due to the potential for negative impacts that landfills may have. Most of landfill sites in these countries, lack the necessary infrastructure or engineering provisions to collect and contain landfill leachate and gas.

Awareness of risks that landfills may oppose to people’s health and to environment, has led to the intervention of European environmental legislation. One of the EU's recommendations for existing landfills is to collect Methane gas on landfill sites and generate energy. This can be achieved through modern technologies today, but countries should consider the financial cost.

EU landfill legislation is still undergoing through changes. Thousands of landfills below the EU standards that the legal framework is currently enforcing are closed across Europe and from 1995 to date landfill waste disposal have fallen by 25%. Concerns are still going on, as a good part of European countries continue to landfill waste under compulsory standards as many modern landfills have.

Modern landfill sites nowadays have gas controls, where technology supports to capture the gas and to produce electricity. Sanitary landfilling in a sustainable manner, ensures the right waste management toward a clean circular economy.