Impacts

Environmental Impact

Energy generation from waste helps reduce the emissions amount of greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere. It avoids the production of methane, a greenhouse gas released from decomposition of waste in landfill around x25 more harmful than CO2 (carbon dioxide). Energy generation from waste significantly affects both the reduction of the amount of carbon emitted and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. This waste management approach directly contributes to mitigating climate change. Through these plants, can be avoid the sanitary problems and unpleasant smell deriving from the disposal of landfill waste. Biodiversity through energy generation from waste is safer, this method provides cleaner waters, cleaner land, and cleaner air for everyone and especially for residents and animals of the surrounding community.

Economic impact

Waste management and energy sectors are linked to several points. Energy generation from waste (Waste to Energy) provides the energy and heat benefits for the local population by being considered as a very efficient solution. The use of this method is finding massive use in Europe, especially in the northern countries where soil availability is small compared to the high density of the population. Avoiding landfilling through this method avoids land growing on a large surface and for a predetermined timeframe. WTE saves thousands of hectares of valuable land. Technology and infrastructure of power generation plants bring additional benefits also with employment opportunities, and their construction and operation brings employment not only in this sector, but opens new jobs outside the sector. Also, many materials for project building are provided locally.

Social Impact

A cleaner environment significantly improves the standard of living of citizens and directly affects the life of the local community. The active participation of citizens and local residents in the impacts of the Waste Hierarchy where energy generation from waste is an essential element is a key driver for the waste management chain. Waste recovery as a source to generate energy provides renewable energy, new jobs and cleaner environment for society. By reducing the negative impacts on the environment and people’s health, with proper waste management practices, neighborhoods around the area become more attractive. Social advantages bring new sources of legitimate employment, potentially even to poor communities in developing countries such as Albania.

Waste are a sector that in the EU environmental legislation has undergone through frequent changes, as technology knowledge and new forms of efficient waste management have experienced rapid development. The EU Directives, which apply in member states, are mainly based on the protection of human health and the environment.